Douglas Blackmon: Neo-Slavery in Our Times

Douglas Blackmon of the Wall Street Journal has written a newsman’s history book with staggering implications about racial reality in America today.

doug blackmon

Douglas Blackmon: truth about Jim Crow

The heart of the story is that slavery in the American South ended not with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the end of the Civil War, but at the onset of World War 2. That is: state-sanctioned brutal and abusive bondage ended less than 70 years ago, well within the living memory of millions of Americans, black and white. The gap between “slave time” and now is not five or six generations, but one or two at most.

The sidewalks of Atlanta today were paved in the 20th Century with millions of bricks made by “slaves by another name” — by black men the city had seized and leased over to the ex-Mayor James English’s Chattahoochee Brick Company. Some of Atlanta’s finest families were in on neo-slavery, in Blackmon’s telling — men like Joel Hurt of Atlanta’s Trust Company. No guard could ever “do enough whipping for Mr. Hurt,” it was said. “He wanted men whipped for singing and laughing.”

Slavery by Another Name is Doug Blackmon’s complete revision of the Jim Crow story, with an astonishing breadth and depth of documentation and none of the old sugar-coating or vagueness around phrases like peonage and sharecropping. “Neo-slavery” was the hard-core of a public-private system that undid the freedoms that came with Reconstruction for most of thirty years after the Civil War, and then enforced a new reign of terror over all African-Americans in the South.

What began to happen at the end of the 19th Century was the crushing new phenomenon in which whites in the North gave up on the process and made the decision that whites in the South were going to be allowed to do whatever they wished. The Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision that sanctified segregation in 1896 gave a legal basis for all this. And by 1900 all of the Southern states had passed an array of laws designed to make it impossible for a black man to avoid being in violation of some ridiculous statute at all times.

Being black became the crime, and so any black man who could not prove that he had a job at a given time, any black man who sought to change employers, any black man who chose to sell the produce of his farm after dark, rather than selling to the white man nearest him… An endless number of statutes were passed which made it nearly impossible to avoid prosecution. These laws were designed to finish off the process of disenfranchising all black Americans in the South; and they effectively did it by creating this legal jeopardy that all African Americans had to live with.

The hammer that hung over their heads was the idea that if you get convicted of any of these meaningless crimes, you’ll end up in the horrifying circumstances of a slave mine or some other forced labor camp… There were endless beatings. In a relatively small work camp where you had 75 or 80 forced laborers, there might well be three to four hundred floggings in a given month. The men in the mines were beaten in the mornings if they failed to remove eight tons of coal the day before; and they were beaten at the end of the day if they failed to remove eight tons of coal that day. They were starved, and they were deprived of health care. The general attitude of the people who controlled these laborers was: as long as I’m able to keep them for a year or two years, I’ll get back my investment in the cost of acquiring them. If they die I can cheaply find another…

Douglas Blackmon in conversation with Chris Lydon about Slavery by Another Name, April 21, 2008

Slavery by Another Name is hard reading that ought to be required. At a moment of reckoning around race in our country, Doug Blackmon, a studious child of the Mississippi Delta, has offered a monumental contribution to an agonizing re-learning of who we all are.

Related Content

  • Potter

    Woops- no download yet!

  • Thanks, Potter. Mistakes were made. Mistakes were corrected.

  • jordon

    Awesome show, Chris. Please do more like it.

  • wmcrossgr

    The interview with Douglas Blackmon is excellent. I first became somewhat aware of the prison labor neo-slavery system by reading Steel Drivin’ Man: John Henry, The Untold Story Of An American Legend, by Scott Reynolds Nelson (Oxford University Press, 2006). His take on the reality behind the legend is that John Henry was a black man caught up in the Virginia penal system and rented out with other convicts to build railroad tunnels already during Reconstruction. The effects were the same, even if the system of going out to find people for petty crimes is not yet fully developed. Nelson’s ultimate focus is later uses made of the many variant songs), but he seems to have described the system in its beginnings.

  • nother

    “He simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a Negro and an American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of Opportunity closed roughly in his face.”

    -W.E.B. Du Bois “the Souls of Black Folk”

    A great show, indeed. I can’t wait to read the book.

    Thank you, Mr. Blackmon (what did having that last name mean as a white child), for shinning a light on a dark place, and for bringing some of the chickens home to roost – at least in our conscience.

    As the Rev. Wright drama unfolds, I hear all naysayers respond, and they all say the same thing:

    “It makes one wonder what Senator Obama REALLY believes.”

    What frustrates me to no end is that none of these journalists ask the simple follow up question, what might it be that you’re afraid he believes?

    The fact that the journalists don’t even ask that question is telling – they don’t want to know the answer, or maybe I should say, deep down they already know the answer.

    If it were any other subject, that follow up question would be a no-brainer.

    So if the journalists don’t want to ask the question, and those talking heads don’t want to finish their sentence, I’ll take a stab at completing their thought:

    HE’S ANGRY! He pissed off like you can’t believe – scratch that – maybe we can believe, and maybe we can start by reading this book – as will I.

    (And maybe just maybe, if we can find it in ourselves to get angry enough, a few of us, black and white and brown all over, might devout ourselves to public service in order to make things right – not Wright, but right.)

  • rc21

    I would say the simple fact that Obama has a great shot at becoming the next president, shows how far the country has come in just a few generations.

    Nother You may be right in your thinking as to why journalists don’t ask the question. I believe the reason that the msm doesnt ask the follow up question, or the question I’d like answered “How could a man listen to such hatefull, racist,anti American talk for 20 years and do nothing about it, In fact you make this man your mentor and spiritual advisor” Is because they want Obama to succeed,so they abandon their job as journalists and become apologists for him.

    It took Fox and the bloggers to bring this story to the publics attention.not the msm.

    Personally I don’t have a problem with Obama hating whites or disliking his own country,he has that right and I’m sure he feels his reasons are valid, Just don’t piss on me and tell me it’s raining. Come clean with your true feelings as your wife and the rev Wright have, and let the chips fall where they may.

  • Drapetomaniac

    What jumps out at me hearing this interview are the very clear implications for those folks who think reparations are in order. A law professor made a similar case back in the 1970s. If Polish slave laborers can be paid for the slavery under the Nazis, it doesn’t look like all that big of a leap.